Nowadays, practically everything is computer-controlled and designed, from banking software to attendance tracking systems. It’s little surprise that by 2024, there will be 28.7 million technical experts worldwide.
Currently, there are around 600 different programming languages available. Throughout the year, the market for and visibility of various programming languages changes. There are also a number of new programming languages that have enticing characteristics. Deciding between so many options on how to begin a career in computer programming is difficult.
In contrast, despite the passage of time, C++, Java, and Python have not lost any of their allure when it comes to competitive programming and coding. Additionally, C++, Java, and Python programming languages make it possible to create almost anything.
Which programming language should you learn? Each language has its own strengths and weaknesses, so the best one for you depends on your specific needs. In this article, we’ll take a look at C++, Java, and Python – three of the most popular programming languages today. We’ll compare and contrast them to help you decide which one is right for you. So without further ado, let’s get started!
Dennis Ritchie, the man of the C programming language, worked with Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs in the 1970s to create C++. The object-oriented capabilities of C++ were added as an extension to C. According to the TIOBE rating, C++ is the fourth most well-known programming language.
Features of C++
- C++ is a statically typed language, meaning that the code is checked for errors before it is compiled. This allows for more reliable and secure code.
- It is fast, which makes it ideal for writing time-sensitive code or code that needs to be particularly efficient.
- It has a variety of libraries available, which can be used to add functionality to your code.
- C++ is portable, meaning that it can be run on multiple platforms.
- C++ is an object-oriented language, meaning that code can be organized around objects and classes. This makes code more readable and reusable.
- When compared to other languages, C++ has a relatively steep learning curve. However, once you learn the basics, you will be able to write code more quickly.
Programmers extensively use C++ because it facilitates object-oriented programming and provides access to hardware. C++ may be used to create a wide range of high-end application programs such as:
GUI-Based Applications: C++ can be used to create GUI-based applications using a variety of libraries such as Qt.
Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator: The Adobe Photoshop image editor and Adobe Illustrator vector drawing program were both created using C++.
Operating Systems: The Windows NT, 2000, XP, Vista, and 7 operating systems were all created using C++.
Web Browsers: Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome are two examples of web browsers that were created using C++.
James Gosling is credited for developing the object-oriented programming language Java in the early 1990s. Java was built on the concepts of clarity, reliability, scalability, platform independence, security, high efficiency, multithreading, infrastructure independence, and versatility.
Since its debut in 1995, Java has remained the world’s third most widely used programming language.
Features of Java
- Java is an object-oriented programming language that uses classes and objects to manage code. Object-oriented programming is a popular programming paradigm that helps developers design systems by modelling them after objects in the real world.
- Its capability for parallel processing makes it possible to write programs that can carry out a number of activities concurrently.
- With Just-In-Time compilers, Java applications may achieve excellent efficiency while carrying a large amount of run-time data that can validate and arbitrate run-time access to various entities.
- Java is platform independent, meaning that Java code can run on any platform that supports Java without needing to be recompiled.
- In Java, automated trash collection and resource control are supported, which handles the object life cycle.
Web Applications: Java is the most popular choice for creating web applications.
Big Data: Java’s scalability, efficiency, and ability to handle large amounts of data make it an ideal choice for Big Data.
IoT: It is used in a number of IoT applications due to its platform independence, scalability, and security.
Game Development: Java is used in game development due to its high performance, portability, and ability to create graphics quickly.
Python was created in December 1989 by Guido van Rossum, then a Dutch programmer who was working at the National Research Institute for Mathematics and Computer Science in the Netherlands.
Van Rossum’s goal was to design a successor to the ABC programming language that was capable of exception handling and interfacing with the Amoeba operating system.
In the early 1990s, Python was still a relatively unknown language, but that all changed when van Rossum published the source code in 1991 and released version 1.0 in 1994. Since then, the Python programming language has undergone several major changes and now powers some of the largest websites in the world, including Reddit, Instagram, and Netflix.
Features of Python
- Python is an eloquent programming language, which means that it can do a great deal with a small amount of code.
- Python has a very simple syntax that is easy to learn for beginners.
- When it comes to programming, Python provides a wide variety of frameworks and modules that make it easy to do a wide range of activities. There are now around 137,000 Python libraries available.
- Deep learning and natural language processing are two further areas where Python is widely employed.
- Python is an interpreted language, which means that it doesn’t need to be compiled before it is run. This makes it very quick to develop prototype applications.
Data Science: Python is widely used in the field of data science. Its syntax is very simple and concise, which makes it easy to read and write code. Additionally, Python has a number of libraries and tools that make it ideal for data analysis and manipulation.
Web Development: Python can also be used for web development. In fact, some of the most popular websites in the world, including Reddit and Instagram, are built using Python. Additionally, the Django web framework is written in Python and is used by many large companies, including Google.
Machine Learning: Machine learning is one of the hottest fields in computer science right now, and Python is one of the best languages to use for machine learning. This is because Python has a number of powerful libraries, such as TensorFlow and Keras, that make it easy to build complex machine learning models.
Web Scrapping: It can be used for web scraping, which is a process of extracting data from websites. This is useful for a number of reasons, such as collecting data for market research or building a database of product information.
Programming languages like C++, Java, and Python are the subject of an unending discussion. There is no clear winner in most situations. Each programming language has been developed to solve a certain challenge and is best equipped to do so. As a result, before making a decision, make a list of all the criteria and objectives.
The task at hand mostly dictates the choice of programming language. As a result, it’s critical to first grasp all of the prerequisites before selecting the programming language that can achieve the most without creating many difficulties, such as C++, Java, or Python.