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It becomes more difficult for your security teams to prioritize cybersecurity efforts as your digital presence grows. Your company may have a number of subsidiaries, business divisions, and dispersed geolocations, each of which represents a distinct amount of risk exposure.
It is challenging to identify the precise location of the highest risk concentration due to its complicated structure.
An approach to cybersecurity known as security analytics focuses on the analysis of data to create preventative security measures. For instance, network traffic monitoring might be utilized to spot signs of compromise before a danger materializes.
No company can anticipate the future, particularly when it comes to security risks, but by using security analytics tools that can examine security events, it is possible to identify a problem before it has a chance to affect your infrastructure and financial position.
In this article, we’ll examine cyber security risk analytics, including its kinds, advantages over other forms of risk analysis, methods for conducting it, and other relevant topics.
So, what is cyber risk analytics?
Reviewing the risks connected to a certain activity or occurrence is referred to as risk analysis.
The risk analysis is used in relation to information technology, projects, security concerns, and any other situation where risks can be evaluated on a quantitative and qualitative basis.
Each and every IT project as well as commercial organizations have risks. The risk analysis should take place often and be updated to detect any new possible hazards. Strategic risk analysis aids in reducing the likelihood and severity of future risks.
Data and mathematical models are used in cybersecurity analytics, which tracks your cybersecurity information systems and finds vulnerabilities and hazards.
For instance, cybersecurity experts frequently take into account historical data, such as how many assaults have been successful in the past or how long it typically takes for critical data to be stolen.
Cybersecurity analysts are not the only ones who use this technology, though.
Cybersecurity analytics in each of their different fields of expertise can be advantageous for business owners, analysts, and managers. How can they assist you as a business owner is something you might be questioning.
We’ll discuss that in more detail later. But first, proceed with several cybersecurity risk analysis methods.
Different types of Cyber Risk Analysis
Qualitative Risk Analysis
- During the individual risk assessment, the likelihood that each risk would materialize and how it might impact the project’s objectives are evaluated. Through categorization, risks can be excluded.
- By combining the impact and likelihood, qualitative analysis is utilized to calculate the project’s risk exposure.
- The goal of a qualitative risk analysis is to review and evaluate the traits of each individually detected risk before prioritizing them in accordance with the traits that were determined to be important.
- By allocating a likelihood and effect number to each risk, the qualitative risk analysis procedure is a project management approach that ranks each risk’s importance. A risk event’s impact is determined by how likely it is to occur, as opposed to its likelihood.
Quantitative Risk Analysis
- Quantitative risk analysis goals are to calculate a numerical assessment of the total impact of risk on the project’s goals.
- Particularly for smaller initiatives, quantitative analysis is not required. The primary goal of quantitative risk analysis is to quantify the overall project risk.
- It is used to determine the chances of success in fulfilling the project’s goals and to calculate a contingency reserve, which is often relevant for time and money.
Benefits of Risks Analysis
- Avoid data loss and breach: Every business handles some type of data that is necessary for it to run. Additionally, conducting frequent evaluations can guarantee the security of this data and prevent any functioning problems.
- Provides a framework for evaluation: The analysis is a fluid process that must be updated throughout time. However, having a template in place, even just once, can aid businesses in finding an effective framework going forward.
- Builds organizational knowledge: Companies can identify their weaknesses as a whole thanks to routine evaluations. They might better understand the company as a result and make improvements as a result.
- Decrease in costs: Paying ransoms after the fact is more expensive than investing in regular evaluations to pinpoint risks and weaknesses. Long-term financial savings and reliable management are both possible thanks to this.
- Prevent Application Bugs: Both customers and workers frequently use the company’s application. Regular upgrades can guarantee that people can utilize it quickly and easily without being hindered.
- Stay away from legal concerns: Government laws are always changing, and businesses are required to abide by them. Regularly adhering to them can increase the strength and dependability of security evaluations.
What business advantages can cybersecurity analytics provide?
Analytics for cybersecurity can assist you in identifying threats and flaws and taking appropriate action.
Given how the cybersecurity sector has developed over the past several years and how frequently threats change, this is incredibly helpful.
Cybersecurity managers can utilize cybersecurity analytics to evaluate the level of cybersecurity spending or hiring that is required for your company to operate effectively.
Additionally, we can utilize cybersecurity analytics as a tool to assist in the development and implementation of cybersecurity awareness and security training programs for your companies.
Cybersecurity analytics can be used by business owners to gauge the effectiveness of their security initiatives. You can keep an eye out for security-related occurrences like odd network activity or out-of-date network security measures.
Additionally, you can compile data on things like the volume of cybersecurity assaults in a certain area or the number of user accounts that have been compromised during a certain time period.
Your business’s security measures can be prioritized more easily if you know which cybersecurity measures are effective and which ones are ineffective based on the data gathered by cybersecurity analytics.
Good cybersecurity analytics also have the following additional qualities and advantages:
- Faster Reaction Time: You can react to attacks more quickly with the help of this cybersecurity tool. As an illustration, you will be able to see possible cybersecurity problems faster than you might with conventional cybersecurity solutions.
- Prioritize Alerts: We can identify which notifications are more crucial so that we can respond appropriately using cybersecurity analytics. Rather than wasting time reacting to pointless alarms, this enables experts to focus on the most crucial cybersecurity challenges.
- Proactively identifying events: Analytics for cybersecurity can uncover cybersecurity-related incidents in advance. Because of this, cybersecurity professionals will be able to identify system problems before an attacker can exploit them.
- Intelligent threat automation: Analytics in cybersecurity makes it feasible to automate threat intelligence. Cybersecurity specialists will have more time to concentrate on other important cybersecurity activities by doing away with the requirement for manual data collecting.
- Upholding Regulatory Compliance: As with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and the Payment Card Industry (PCI) Data Security Standard, cybersecurity analytics can assist firms in staying in compliance with cybersecurity laws and standards.
- More effective forensic incident investigation: Better data for forensic investigations can be given to cybersecurity experts through cybersecurity analytics. Making choices concerning cybersecurity-related tasks like identifying suspects or deciding which cybersecurity vulnerabilities to fix will be easier for you to do with more knowledge.
Unified Security Analytics
Unified security analytics is a security analytics method that combines data science, machine learning, anomaly detection, and risk-scoring to uncover behavioral anomalies and suspicious actions that can be signs of security vulnerabilities.
For each event or identified behavior, unified security analytics will produce a consolidated, dynamic risk assessment.
Models are pre-programmed to anticipate and identify risks in accordance with a use case, industry vertical, threat framework, and compliance regulatory needs, among other factors.
Unified security analytics can assist in mitigating some of the most significant security dangers before cyber attackers can cause harm since these contextual alerts prioritize risk and detect threats as they arise.
Which growing attacking surfaces provide the most threat?
The “attack surface” of a business includes all points between an organization’s data and the interfaces that provide human access points to that data that are both publicly and privately accessible, sometimes referred to as “attack vectors.”
The path that a malicious application or adversary can use to get into a network or system in order to steal or compromise data is referred to as an “attack vector.”
Adversaries can access a network of a company in a variety of ways and use it for malevolent ends. The following are some of the increasing attack surfaces that offer the greatest potential for hackers:
Mobile devices that are vulnerable
Organizations can experience data loss and identity theft when hackers use laptops, tablets, and smartphones to access their networks due to mobile app vulnerabilities and the growing amount of mobile threats.
Organizations must do a comprehensive analysis of their mobile apps and infrastructure to find security and privacy weaknesses in order to assist avoid these types of assaults.
IoT and linked objects
Unmanaged IoT devices frequently lack endpoint controls and sufficient security rules, or they do have them but are not managed.
This creates blind spots that make the devices vulnerable to attack by making it more challenging for security experts to comprehend how these devices connect with the network.
Cloud servers with incorrect configuration:
Despite the fact that cloud server configuration errors frequently result from a straightforward oversight made during the deployment of cloud services, they can quickly let hackers into a network and expose all of an organization’s data to risk.
Businesses will face a greater risk of data breaches caused by improperly configured servers when they embrace cloud services more frequently without adopting the necessary security safeguards.
How to Conduct a Cybersecurity Risk Analysis
A cybersecurity risk analysis can assist your business in identifying, managing, and protecting data, information, and assets that can be subject to a cyber assault.
With the use of such analysis, you can identify systems and resources, assess the risk, and develop a strategy for security measures that can assist safeguard your business.
Make a list of your systems and resources.
Creating a list of all the network resources used by your company is step one in doing a cybersecurity risk analysis. The network’s laptops, tablets, routers, printers, servers, and phones should all be documented.
Record the connections between the resources and their utilization. List the different forms of data, the areas with system access, and the companies that deal with network resources and data.
Take note of how information and data move around the network and what elements they come into contact with.
Even if you aren’t certain whether a network resource is crucial, include it in the inventory. Sometimes the most harmless gadgets might be the origin of a possible security infrastructure breach.
A cyber intrusion might possibly originate from any piece of hardware that is connected to your information or data network.
Remember to include in your inventory any network resources that are situated far from your actual location. Do you also maintain data or information on the cloud? Are you currently utilizing a CRM tool?
Take note of them as well if applicable.
Determine any vulnerabilities and dangers that could exist.
Investigate the locations where your business or data is most exposed as a next step.
IoT devices are they used in your company?
Attacks on smartphones and other connected devices surged by 600% in 2020 and have since continued to escalate, making this one of the biggest potential weaknesses in the majority of enterprises.
Email is the second most frequent source of problems for businesses. Knowing how and where cyber assaults might enter your system and operations will help you better understand how to recognize a possible danger before it becomes a significant issue.
Dangers might come from:
- Data loss
- Services being interrupted
- Erroneous procedures
- Unauthorized entry into your network
- data leakage or improper use of information
Identify the risk impact.
It’s critical to consider the actual risk to your organization after compiling a list of systems and resources and having a solid understanding of where weaknesses and threats are present.
How would a cyberattack hurt your company, for instance? Which information is most in danger?
List all potential dangers and categorize them as low, medium, or high risk, using the list of usual categories below.
Calculating the risk to your business often entails comparing the potential harm that a cyber attack could do if information or data were compromised to the likelihood that a certain system could be hacked.
Servers with no private data but just access to the public internet and those connected to a private network are examples of low-risk goods.
Items with medium hazards can include offline data storage at a specified physical location.
Payments and customer data stored in the cloud are two examples of high-risk goods.
Conduct an analysis after mapping the risk levels to determine how likely a risk scenario is to occur and what financial impact it can have on your organization.
This research could help you prioritize which aspects of your network and organizational infrastructure should be secured first.
Design and implement cybersecurity controls
There are various approaches that can be used to lessen the danger of an attack before it occurs. Implementing strong security standards and having a plan in place for managing data and information will help keep your business secure.
Your company’s risks can be significantly decreased by using security controls and standards. Compliance can also be improved, and performance can even be affected.
Included in security measures are:
- Using both at-rest and in-transit encryption
- Installing antivirus and ransomware defense software
- Making use of vendor risk management tools
- A firewall’s installation and configuration
- Networks separating
- Establishing and implementing a password policy that applies to all workers and devices
- For users accessing corporate systems, utilize multi-factor authentication
Observe the results, then try again.
The capacity to evaluate the outcomes and the chance to keep developing procedures are two last benefits of a competent risk analysis.
This crucial phase is sometimes overlooked since networks are continually expanding and changing as a result of the introduction of new technologies and devices to the market.
Work with a vendor or make use of software and technologies that can assist in identifying threats or modifications to your cybersecurity procedures before an assault is launched.
When an analysis offers a framework for continuing to reduce risk, it is most successful. To make sure your business isn’t leaving high-risk assets open to a cyber assault, a fresh cybersecurity risk analysis should be carried out at least once a year.
Any company’s long-term growth will be ensured by risk analysis. It can guarantee efficient corporate operations and a safer workplace.
Any business can be protected from various cyber dangers by taking these easy precautions. Companies must take it seriously and have such a plan in place at the appropriate time.
The advantages of doing so are obvious and can result in favorable reactions for the business. Assuring all organizations that have an analysis strategy should be their top priority.