Python is a well-known and commonly used programming language. It is also the preferred language for Data Scientists, Data Analysts, Machine Learning Engineers, and those working in Artificial Intelligence.
Because it is an open-source language, it is straightforward and has a variety of coding alternatives.
Among the numerous use cases covered by Python, data analytics has grown to be one of the most important. The Python ecosystem is rich in libraries, tools, and applications that enable scientific computing and data analysis easier and faster.
Python isn’t quick enough for the creators of Julia, a program intended for “scientific computing, machine learning, data mining, large-scale linear algebra, distributed and parallel computing,” according to their description.
Julia aspires to offer data analysts and scientists not just quick and comfortable creation but also lightning-fast execution.
Arrays, linear algebra, and matrices are all part of the mathematical and technical programming language known as Matlab. It is well recognized as a top-notch atmosphere for any activity.
Over the past 10 years, scientific computing environments like Mathematica, Maple, and Matlab have become significantly more popular as a result of the fact that scientists and engineers feel more productive in such environments.
The extensive toolbox and simple syntax of the command languages used in these environments are one obvious cause.
In this post, we’ll compare Matlab, Julia, and Python to help you understand which language is used for what purpose and, most importantly, which one is ideal for you.
Introduction to Python
One of the most popular programming languages in use today is Python. It was first used in 1991 and is a high-level, interpreted, multi-paradigm language.
It contains a lot of libraries and tools for machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), and developing applications and websites (ML). Python is probably the language you’ll use to program anything.
Because of its power, versatility, and easily understood and mastered syntax, Python is a favorite among developers.
Nearly 70% of developers claim to utilize Python to create powerful AI and ML algorithms for sentiment analysis and Natural Language Processing. The languages of choice for data science are Python and R.
The numerous external libraries that have been created by Python’s large developer community are what give it its flexibility.
Python uses several of these modules to handle mathematical and scientific tasks in data science. Among the most popular are NumPy, TensorFlow, PyTorch, Pandas, and Maplotlib.
Python’s support for common data formats like CSV and JSON files and its ability to interact with SQL databases are also strong justifications for using it.
- It is a freely downloadable open-source language that is available online.
- It is an easy-to-learn, developer-friendly, high-level programming language.
- Classes, polymorphism, encapsulation, and other object-oriented ideas are supported by the language.
- Python is an extensible language, and C or C++ can be used to write and compile Python programs.
- It is an interpreted language, hence compilation is not necessary. Code debugging is made easier by the lines being executed line by line.
- Python comes with a substantial collection of libraries that can be used to streamline development by simply importing them. Developers do not have to redo that precise code as a consequence.
- Variables don’t need to be defined before use in this dynamically typed language since the data type is decided at run-time.
Introduction to Julia
With its first stable version released in 2018, Julia, a newcomer to the field of programming languages, was created in 2012 to satisfy the needs of the Data Science and Machine Learning communities for a faster, math-oriented language.
With the help of modern hardware’s Concurrent, Parallel, and Distributed Computing capabilities, Julia is a programming language that combines the most delicate aspects of other programming languages.
The syntax of Julia, which is meant largely for technical computing, is comparable to Python’s.
Julia is a dynamic, high-level, high-performance programming language.
Since it is an essential component of this language, linear algebra is extensively utilized in machine learning, data science, data mining, numerical analysis, and for any mathematical purpose.
Julia’s simplicity, excellent efficiency, and speed make it appealing for use with complicated data models.
But for scientists, the possibility of translating the formulaic language of Science into code is a deal-breaker: Julia has support for the Greek alphabet, enabling the use of mathematical equations without first converting them into a coding language.
- Julia uses straightforward syntax.
- For adding prompt commands, Julia has an interactive command line and a Read Eval Print Loop (REPL).
- To interact with Fortran, C, and Python programs, it can easily import and use external libraries.
- Just-in-time (JIT) compilation is a feature of the compiled language Julia. Julia uses the LLVM framework for the collection, which contributes to its quick execution.
- Julia’s syntax is easy to use for anyone working on mathematics-based coding since it resembles mathematical equations.
- Meta-programming is a feature of Julia that enables Julia programs to produce Julia applications.
- It comes with a debugger that enables programmers to set breakpoints and examine the outcomes.
- Both static and dynamic types are supported by Julia. Before using a variable, you can declare it, or you can create a function that takes variables implicitly.
Introduction to Matlab
The interactive environment and fourth-generation high-level programming language MATLAB (matrix laboratory) are used for numerical calculation, visualization, and programming.
It enables matrix manipulations, the plotting of functions and data, the implementation of algorithms, the development of user interfaces, the interaction with programs written in other languages, such as C, C++, Java, and FORTRAN, and the analysis and development of algorithms, the creation of models and applications, and the implementation of user interfaces.
You can make mathematical calculations, create charts, and use numerical approaches with the aid of the many built-in commands and math functions.
After decades of evolution, MATLAB can now read data from flat files, databases, cloud storage, data collection gear, and even live financial data streams.
MATLAB was formerly wonderful for working with static numerical data in vectors and matrices. Due to its expanding capabilities, users can now run sophisticated machine learning models, do data visualization, and even develop mobile and desktop applications.
By offering a GUI (Graphical User Interface) and other tools, such as signal analysis and tuners, MATLAB offers an interactive environment. MATLAB also offers tools for software creation and debugging.
Through the GUI, importing and exporting files in MATLAB is simple. As we go into the creation of our software, we can inspect the workspace data and alter it as necessary.
- Both numerical and symbolic computing can be done with it.
- It is a high-level language mostly utilized in engineering and scientific computers.
- It offers a sizable library of mathematical functions for linear algebra, statistics, Fourier analysis, filtering, optimization, numerical integration, and the solution of ordinary differential equations.
- It includes tools for making custom plots as well as built-in visuals for viewing data.
- It offers tools for creating apps with unique graphical user interfaces.
- The programming interface for MATLAB provides developers with tools to enhance the performance and maintainability of their programs.
- It offers integration tools for MATLAB-based algorithms with third-party programs and languages, including C, Java,.NET, and Microsoft Excel.
- A variety of real-time data from JDBC/ODBC databases can be supported natively by MATLAB, including sensor, video, picture, telemetry, binary, and other types of data.
Differences between Matlab, Julia, and Python
Python is now at the top of the list of the most used programming languages. With one of the largest developer communities for any language, it has been in use for more than 30 years and provides answers and assistance for each conceivable problem.
Even if the number of fans has been steadily growing, Julia has a small but committed community, and the majority of support is still provided by the authors.
Julia-specific blogs and a burgeoning community share their knowledge on using it on a variety of platforms.
The use of Julia outside of data science is anticipated to grow in prominence.
The language has just started to embrace web development frameworks, expanding the range of development possibilities and, consequently, the pool of developers using it.
On the other hand, MATLAB has certain limitations on portability because it is an expensive program.
Only platforms with MATLAB or the MATLAB Component Runtime can execute MATLAB files on other platforms (MCR). Because MATLAB’s OOP is more sophisticated and intricate, it can be more perplexing to certain people.
However, MATLAB is often a more sophisticated language.
The speed of execution is crucial while developing code. The pace at which Julia is executed is similar to that of the C programming language. It was developed to provide a quick language.
Unlike other interpreted languages, Julia does not speed up execution. In order to create programs in Julia, the LLVM framework is utilized. \
Without using manual profiling and optimization techniques, Julia addresses performance difficulties that call for speed. For problems requiring Big Data, Cloud Computing, Data Analysis, and Statistical Computing, Julia offers a fantastic answer.
It is obvious that Julia is superior to Python when we contrast its performance and quickness.
Matlab, on the other hand, is a high-level programming language featuring data structures, control flow statements, functions, output/input, and object-oriented programming.
It allows for the rapid creation of quick throw-away applications as well as the creation of comprehensive, complicated, and big application programs.
By simply importing these libraries and utilizing their functions, Python’s vast library makes developing for Python much easier.
When compared to Python, Julia suffers from a dearth of extensive library resources. A sizable number of third-party libraries also support Python. Because of inadequate package maintenance, Julia’s libraries also have this issue.
Even though initially visualizing data takes some time, Julia can interface with C libraries.
The development of Julia’s libraries is necessary for its success as a new language.
To compute statistics, linear algebra, numerical integration, filtering, Fourier analysis, optimization, and solve ordinary differential equations, a large library of mathematical functions is provided by Matlab.
Python is an easy language to understand and write, making it versatile. Python’s adaptability makes it excellent for programming tasks including web scripting, development, and automation.
Because it can do tasks and uses a variety of libraries and frameworks, Python is the language of choice for developers.
Python is more flexible, while Julia excels at solving problems in scientific programming.
Engineers that are primarily interested in utilizing Matlab as a straightforward coding tool to carry out standard engineering calculations will find it useful.
It is simple for non-coders to construct executable logic because of the integrated development environment and debugger that are already present.
Any programmer will choose a programming language that offers top-notch tool support for all software development projects.
Julia performs better than Python in terms of tool support. Julia’s tooling support is still functional, but Python’s tooling support is great.
Because of this, Julia lacks certain of Python’s diagnostic and remediation capabilities for performance problems.
Additionally, there is a higher chance of an unsafe interface in the case of Julia because it is a novel language with native APIs.
The interactive setting offered by MATLAB enables iterative exploration, design, and problem-solving. It is a collection of resources that programmers can utilize.
It features tools for managing workspace variables and importing and exporting data. Additionally, it includes tools for processing, debugging, and profiling MATLAB files.
I’ll sum up by saying that Julia is a specialized language that is mostly utilized by a small group.
Julia will probably evolve into a well-liked, in-demand language as developers and the community broaden its capabilities.
Millions of people use Python, which is an established language, and there are countless third-party programs available. From games to data research, it is used everywhere.
Every developer’s curriculum includes Python as one of the fundamental languages, and since new languages are constantly able to connect with it, it won’t be replaced any time soon.
Although Julia and Python are now the most popular programming languages in the data science field, MATLAB is predicted to gain in popularity and application span because of its superior collective modeling development and deployment capabilities.
The fact that users can utilize a single robust platform to design ML models, analyze data, and build desktop and mobile apps with customized GUIs significantly improves MATLAB’s position in the data science sector.